The main duties of the Electoral Registration Officer include the creation and maintenance of the Register of Electors and similar tasks in relation to the Absent Voters List. The Electoral Registration Officer is not, however, responsible for the conduct of elections. The statutory involvement of the post is to provide Registers and Absent Voters List for each polling station as well as to candidates at the election and to the Returning Officer. It is the duty of the Returning Officer to organise and conduct elections.
The Register of Electors (or Voters Roll) is principally based on an annual canvass (audit) of all properties where electors reside. The Register also includes the entitlement to vote at various types of elections.